These highly informative books provide readers with scientific information about a variety of psychiatric disorders, including brain chemistry and function, diagnostic criteria, and options for treatment.
2014 12 & up 7th & up 6 3/8 x 9 1/4 inches
Mary Ann McDonnell, Former Director of Clinical Trials, Pediatric Psychopharmacology Research Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School
Donald Esherick, Director, Regulatory Affairs, Pharmalink Consulting
"Six well-researched chapters define Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa, describe the various types, describe their origins and causes, discuss treatments, risks and side effects, and psychiatric drugs that may be used in their treatment." "An informal question and answer format of typical teen cases is used to make the book seem less textbook-like."
We all have to deal with stress sometimes. Learning to balance our many responsibilities, adjust to new situations, and handle multiple stresses is part of life. But does this mean that you should feel stressed all the time? What if you always feel overwhelmed? What if you simply can't adjust to a new challenge or situation? When the normal challenges of life cause such extreme emotional turmoil that a person cannot adapt and react appropriately, he may be suffering from an adjustment disorder. Those who suffer from adjustment disorders find it particularly difficult to adapt and function in their daily environments. Perhaps they are dealing with a loss or change in life, such as divorce, moving, a new baby, or an end to a relationship. Perhaps they overreact to minor stresses or have anxiety, depression, or conduct disorders that interrupt their normal life functions. When their inability to cope becomes a mental illness, people need help from medical professionals to gain control of their lives again. In Adjustment Disorders, you will learn about the antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs available to treat adjustment disorders. Along the way, you will read about the history of psychiatric drugs, how they work, and current treatment methods. You will also read valuable information about what to expect when taking psychiatric drugs, as well as some of the most prevalent alternatives to drug treatment. Sharing the experiences of young people as they cope with divorce, disappointment, moving, depression, and anxiety may help you understand how such changes can affect your life as well...and where to turn if your reactions to these changes get out of control.
When terrorists attacked the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, Cassie McCauley watched in horror from her classroom on the New Jersey side of the Hudson River. Her heart pounded faster and faster as she saw billowing clouds of dark gray smoke pour from the landmark buildings. When the first tower collapsed, she began feeling light-headed. By the time the second tower fell in on itself, Cassie was so nauseated and dizzy she had to sit down. Along with millions of people across North America and around the world, Cassie grieved for the families who lost relatives and friends. But she never anticipated the changes September 11 would cause in her own life. Soon she found herself unable to go to school and barely able to function. Cassie was experiencing an anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders are the most common psychiatric illnesses in North America. Estimates are that at least one of every twenty Americans will suffer from an anxiety disorder at some time. These disorders can happen for many reasons. As in Cassie's case, they can be triggered by traumatic and devastating events. In other cases, they can appear seemingly without reason. Nearly everyone at one time or another experiences anxious feelings, so some people assume that an anxiety disorder is not a serious condition. In Anxiety Disorders, however, you will learn how serious anxiety disorders can be. Through Cassie's story, and the stories of other people like her, you will explore the many different forms of anxiety disorders, the impacts they have on people's lives, and the treatments available to help. Discover just how prevalent anxiety disorders are and learn about the new ways doctors are fighting these all-too common forms of mental illness.
Mental disorders can affect people of all ages and backgrounds. But specific mental disorders may be more likely to affect certain groups of people than other groups. For example, some mental disorders, like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, are more common in children and adolescents than in adults. Dealing with the issues that surround mental disorders can be difficult for anyone. However, young people who must balance a mental disorder with other stresses, like schoolwork, extra-curricular activities, social pressures, and physical changes, may face additional challenges coping with mental disorders. With promising discoveries and developments in psychiatric drug treatments, doctors now have more ways than ever to help patients with childhood and adolescent disorders. In this book, you will read about: *Tracy, who refused to hug or kiss her parents or even look them in the eye. *Kelly, a child with mental retardation who needed schooling but couldn't stay in her classroom because she banged her head against the walls. *Tony, whose undiagnosed and untreated ADHD led him into drug and alcohol abuse. *Carissa, who was sent home from summer camp because of her tics and echolalia. Learn how parents, doctors and psychiatrists were able to help each of these young people cope with their disorders and achieve their individual potential.
Imagine what it would be like to look at the faces of your family members and friends and not know who they are. How would it feel to wake up each morning and find that another piece of your mind had slipped away? What would you do if you could not remember the simplest things, like whether you should get out of bed in the mornings or how to brush your hair? Cognitive disorders like Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia are devastating, not only to the individuals who suffer from them, but to those individuals' families and friends as well. These disorders have become serious topics of research and discussion. Helping patients, caretakers, families, and friends understand what can be done to ease the symptoms of cognitive disorders is a very important part of care. In this book, you will learn about cognitive disorders, what it is like to have them, and how they can be treated. Along the way, you will read about drugs that can help with symptoms like depression, panic, and hallucinations, all of which can be caused by cognitive disorders. In addition, you will learn about some alternative treatments for cognitive disorders and the possible risks and side effects that accompany different forms of treatment. Coauthored by someone who has experience first-hand the early stages of Alzheimer's, this book will give you an up-close view of what can be done to help individuals with these often-devastating forms of mental illness.
Janet's brain felt foggy and numb. She imagined herself kneeling on a great frozen lake, and she pressed her face against the ice, trying to see through the cloudy surface to the open water below. In fact, she didn't feel any physical sensation at all, just an internal panic. Janet didn't understand these feelings. She just knew that in her frightening daydreams, she was lost above the ice and the knowledge that could save her was trapped in the dark water below. Soon, Janet was forgetting things, missing school, and losing sleep. She'd find notes that she'd written to herself but couldn't remember writing. They said things like, "Janet! Help me!" and "Who are you?" Scariest of all, she began hearing voices in her head that did not sound like her own. When she imagined herself looking down through the barren ice, she thought she saw a little girl looking back at her. Janet was sure the little girl's name was Sara... Have you ever daydreamed, "lost track of time" when you were having fun, or "tuned out" when your parents were scolding you? If so, you were experiencing dissociation. Janet's dissociation, however, is much more severe. She is suffering from dissociative identity disorder. Different parts of her personality have become so separate that they are beginning to seem like different people. A dissociative disorder like Janet's requires medical intervention. Janet's story, and stories like hers, can teach us a lot about how our minds work and how they can be treated. Read Dissociative Disorders and learn more about these psychiatric disorders and the help available for people like Janet.
A high school student allows herself to eat less than six hundred calories a day. Months go by as her body withers. Her friends and family are aghast at her emaciated appearance. Nevertheless, she still agonizes over being "too fat." A college student regularly downs six or seven thousand calories in a single hour. Then she makes herself throw up before her body can digest the massive amount of food. Eating disorders like these affect five million people each year in America alone, and many more millions in other countries. Ninety percent of those who have eating disorders are females. More than ten percent of the people hospitalized with anorexia nervosa will die as a result of the disease. Eating Disorders tells the stories of two young women who struggle with anorexia and bulimia and how they found help. Although eating disorders are among the most difficult of psychiatric illnesses to treat, new advances in care are being made. Many individuals with eating disorders are helped by concerned health professionals and by treatment programs that use the latest medical, behavioral, and pharmacological therapies. In this book, you will learn about eating disorders, the devastating effects they can have, and the treatments that can bring hope back to sufferers' emaciated lives.
Have you ever known that you shouldn't do something, but just couldn't stop yourself? Of course you have! Perhaps you couldn't resist having one more piece of birthday cake. Maybe your brother or sister made you so mad that you couldn't help yelling. Everyone experiences uncontrollable impulses like these sometimes. But what if these impulses happened to you all the time? How would you interact with your family, do your work at school, or make friends if you couldn't control your impulses? Jeremiah, for instance, loved fire. He loved everything about it--the way it looked, the way it smelled, how its heat enveloped everything. Even though he knew it was wrong, Jeremiah lit fires and watched them incinerate, eat, and destroy everything in their paths. Jeremiah also liked the smoke detectors in his house. He loved taking them apart. Sometimes, after school, Jeremiah would sit in his room, dismantle the smoke detector piece by piece, and then put it back together. Once the smoke detector was reassembled, Jeremiah would light a match beneath it and time how many seconds it took before the detector let out its high-pitched squeal. People like Jeremiah cannot control all the impulses they feel. Some people may get uncontrollably angry, steal, light fires, gamble, pull their own hair, or perform other impulsive actions that are harmful to themselves, their families, and their friends. When a person has repetitive impulses like these, he may be suffering from a psychiatric condition known as an impulse-control disorder. The stories and information in this book will tell you more about impulse-control disorders, how they affect people's lives, and how they can be treated.
Jeff's family and friends described him as "good-looking," "fun-loving," "quick-witted," and "talented." He was kind, friendly, ambitious and always succeeded at every task he undertook. No one was surprised when Jeff was selected to represent his school in an international exchange program. But when Jeff returned to Ridgemont High a year later, everyone was shocked at his change in behavior. Why was Jeff so angry and out of control? Could it have something to do with his health? Many medical conditions have serious psychological components and effects. Sometimes, a medical condition in the body can lead to medical disorders of the mind. These are called mental disorders due to a medical condition. Adolescents are among those who suffer from medical conditions, and they are not immune to the accompanying psychological issues that may be involved. But mental disorders caused by medical conditions bring additional challenges to adolescents. Everyday care, management, regulating medication, and the emotional ramifications of medical conditions can be difficult for anyone. Attempting to balance these challenges while maintaining schoolwork, jobs, and extra-curricular activities can add to the stress for young people. In this book, you will learn about some medical disorders, the psychological complications that can result, and the treatments available to fight them. Along the way, you will explore the advances in drug treatment for psychological disorders, how such drugs work, and the risks and side effects associated with these treatments. Numerous case studies and stories of young people like Jeff who are coping with mental disorders caused by medical conditions illustrate the realities of these illnesses, while a chapter on alternative treatment adds information about additional treatment options.
Everyone experiences the "blues" now and then as well as times of joy and self-confidence. Most people even experience mood swings--times when they move quickly from feelings like joy to opposite feelings like sorrow. But what happens when normal moods become so extreme that a person can't think, feel, or act appropriately? What if a person is so "up" he does foolish, even dangerous, things? What if he's so "down" he can barely get out of bed? The U.S. Surgeon General reports that, at any one time, between 10 and 15 percent of the adolescent population in the United States suffers from major depression. That's one in ten teens! According to the National Institute of Mental Health, 20 to 40 percent of those will develop bipolar disorder (manic depression) within five years. Often undiagnosed or misdiagnosed, mood disorders present major challenges, such as increased risk for illness, higher probability of social and interpersonal problems, and greater likelihood of substance abuse for those who suffer with them. Mood disorders, when left untreated, can even be fatal: seven percent of adolescents with major depressive disorder commit suicide. What are mood disorders, and how can they be treated? Using numerous case studies and sidebars, and written in language that is easy to understand, Mood Disorders takes a comprehensive look at the causes and symptoms of mood disorders. In its pages, you will learn about the methods for diagnosis and treatment, specific drugs used to treat mood disorders, and alternative treatment strategies. Along the way, you will discover that mood disorders, though serious and challenging, are treatable, and help can be found.
A century ago, people with symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) were sometimes institutionalized for life or treated with frightening operations such as frontal lobotomies. In the twentieth century, psychoanalysis and other types of therapies began to offer more treatment options. In this book, you will read about: *Lauren, a high school student whose OCD robbed her of friends, her social life, job, and future, leaving her too ashamed to reach out for help. *Jacob, an eight-year-old who suffered a head injury and awoke from his coma with an all-consuming need to do everything seven times. *Sal, a dependable, well-balanced husband and father whose sudden compulsion to bring home paper and trash changed his entire life. *Laura, whose undiagnosed OCD led her to be placed in a school for children with mental retardation. *Emma, whose frightening thoughts about hurting her baby sister drove her to pray for hours every day and to go to confession many times a week. *Annaliese, a nurse who was accidentally poked by a patient's needle a decade ago and has remained convinced ever since that she has AIDS. Through these stories and the factual material accompanying them, you will learn about the huge ramifications OCD has on individuals' lives as well as the types of treatments available to help. With the discovery of psychiatric drugs, doctors now have more ways than ever to treat, and in some cases altogether relieve, the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder explains how psychiatric drugs and other forms of therapy are making a difference in the lives of many people with symptoms of OCD.
At twenty-seven, Sheila is already on the verge of a second divorce. She has a degree in early elementary education, but still can't decide on a career. Suffering from a continual feeling of emptiness and unsure of who she is, Sheila is terrified of losing her husband, yet seems to do everything she can to drive him away. With almost no friends and a strong compulsion to cut herself, Sheila's future looks bleak. Trent knows that everyone is out to get him. One by one, he spoils every chance for friendship by suspecting everyone wants to hurt him. He's sure that his wife, Angela, is having an affair, and nothing she says or does can convince him otherwise. Now, he's begun to hear voices...but no one is there. It is estimated that 15 percent of Americans suffer from at least one personality disorder; many have more than one But what is a personality disorder? Can it be treated? If so, how? What can Sheila, Trent, and people like them do about their troublesome symptoms? These are just a few of the questions Personality Disorders answers. Learn about these common forms of mental illness and the treatments that bring new hope to those who suffer with them.
Everyone told Sandra she would be happy. People described in rapt detail the overwhelming feeling of love and purpose that would envelop her at her daughter's birth. Nothing prepared Sandra for the heavy fog of dread and loss that descended upon her in the delivery room on the day she gave birth. When the nurse handed her the crying, bruised, purple-pink bundle, Sandra had to fight the urge to hand the bundle back and run. She wanted to turn the clock back nine months before any of this had happened. When she did spend time with her daughter, instead of singing soothing lullabies, Sandra found herself whispering, "I hate you. I wish you had never been born." Pregnancy, childbirth, and early motherhood is supposed to be a time filled with the joy and wonder of bringing a new life into the world. Unfortunately, some women find that the struggles of early motherhood are accompanied by multiple sorrows that clash with this picturesque ideal. As difficult as it may be for a person who has not experienced it to understand, Sandra's feelings are quite common among new mothers struggling with the physical, emotional, and social upheaval that follows giving birth. In this transitional period, some women become more vulnerable to depression and may experience psychiatric disorders such as postpartum depression and postpartum psychosis. Postpartum Disorders will tell you more about these disorders, the experiences of the women who have faced them, and the treatments that can help.
Premenstrual syndrome plays a very real role in the lives of adolescent girls and women who suffer from its symptoms. Although this disorder has been misunderstood, undertreated, and disregarded as merely "all in her head," research confirms that PMS is a problem that can cause women to suffer poor relationships, lower academic grades, and physical and mental disturbances. Furthermore, doctors now understand that premenstrual disorders are legitimate medical conditions with real and serious implications for women's mental well-being. In this book you can learn about premenstrual disorders, how they have been unfairly stigmatized, and how they are finally being understood. With new medical understanding has come new treatments. Learn about antidepressants and other medications currently being used to treat serious symptoms of premenstrual disorders. In addition, you can learn about the benefits, risks, and side effects associated with these drugs as well as alternative treatments for premenstrual disorders. While you read, you will share in the experiences of many women from high school to perimenopausal age who have struggled with premenstrual disorders and their effects. In their stories, you will see that due to new understanding and treatments, women experiencing premenstrual disorders no longer need to feel stigmatized or alone.
Our bodies are constantly reacting to mental stimulation. When reliving the winning goal you made in the hockey game, your face might flush, heart race, and muscles tense. A child who is being bullied at school might feel sick every morning before leaving home. A passionate kiss in the movies might make your own lips tingle. These are examples of psychosomatic reactions: physical reactions to mental or emotional symptoms. Sometimes a person's psychosomatic reaction to mental stress may be so severe that it causes a debilitating disorder. For example, Kevin sometimes still has trouble believing his leg is truly gone. He has strange sensations that he cannot account for. Some are unpleasant, like the constant itching where he no longer has a place to itch. Others are nice surprises, like when he can feel his cat brushing against where his leg should be. The worst, however, is the pain. For the all other inexplicable feelings that come and go, the pain never leaves Kevin's body or mind. Sometimes in the dark quiet of his bedroom, he has nightmares in which he relives stepping on the land mine. Only in his nightmares, everything happens in slow motion. He can see his leg tearing away from his body. He reaches forward, grabbing for his leg, and the excruciating pain wakes him up. He lies, panting in the darkness, trying to will the pain away, asking himself, "How can something that doesn't even exist hurt so badly?" How can doctors treat the pain and illness in the body that are caused by the mind? In this book, you will learn more about Kevin's story, what psychosomatic disorders are, how these "phantom" disorders can be treated.
Schizophrenia, the most severe of the mental disorders, usually begins in late adolescence or young adulthood. A patient's first symptoms may be hallucinations, such as hearing voices that sound as real as those of friends and family. Or they may be delusions, such as believing that aliens are sending information to him via the radio or through television programs. While the mysterious disease can have devastating effects on the one percent of the population who experience it, new antipsychotic drugs now offer more hope for effective treatment than at any other time in history. Schizophrenia explains how the human brain operates, and how antipsychotic drugs work inside the brain in order to help relieve the symptoms of this mental disorder. In this book, you will read about: *The Nobel Prize-winning mathematician who battled schizophrenia for several decades. *The university student who dedicated his life to researching schizophrenia after his own sister was diagnosed with the disease at the age of seventeen. *The four sisters--identical quadruplets--who each had schizophrenia, and who allowed the National Institute of Mental Health to study their disease over the course of many decades. *The famous guitarist in a British rock band whose drug use propelled him into schizophrenia. Let their stories teach you about the struggles, challenges, and hopes of people with this disease.
Doesn't everyone you know think about, talk about, and worry about sexuality? Sexuality is taught about in classrooms, whispered about in school hallways, worried about on the nightly news, and made scandalous on talk shows and late-night television. People express their sexuality in many ways, and we receive many, often conflicting, messages about what are appropriate and inappropriate expressions of sexuality. As you grow and learn about your own and other people's sexualities, many things can be exciting, confusing, and even frightening. It can be disturbing to have sexual fantasies and urges and not know the boundary between so-called normal thoughts and behaviors and those that might be considered disordered. Prior to 1960, sexually deviant behaviors were poorly understood and were considered to be failures in morality or a result of poor upbringing. People suffering from these conditions were often treated with electro-shock, talk therapy, jail sentences, and confinement in mental institutions, all of which had little positive effect on the patients. Today, with advances in treatments like drug therapy, there is new hope for those who have spent so long suffering in silence and shame. Sexual Disorders defines different sexual disorders, explains the criteria that put them over the boundary line into the realm of psychiatric illness, and examines methods of treatment available to help individuals with these illnesses. In this book's pages, you will learn about treatments used throughout history, the newest drug therapy available, and alternative approaches for managing these disorders.
You've been doing it since birth. You will do it till you die. You spend a full third of your life doing it. So why is it so hard sometimes? Sleeping seems like it should be the easiest thing in the world. Lie back, close your eyes, and drift off to dream land! But for some people, sleep is anything but easy. For a growing segment of our population, sleep difficulties are becoming routine. In a recent survey done by the National Sleep Foundation, nearly 50 percent of Americans age eighteen or older reported that they are excessively tired during the day, presumably from lack of sleep at night. Teens are no exception: Nearly one out of three falls asleep in class once a week. We know we're chronically fatigued--but why are we so tired? Lifestyle issues, sleep habits, health conditions, medicines, drug abuse, stress--these can certainly rob us of sleep, but perhaps the greatest unrecognized source of our tiredness is a group of conditions called sleep disorders. Often undiagnosed, sleep disorders can seriously compromise the health and lives of those who wrestle with them. What are sleep disorders, and how can they be treated? What are their effects, and how does a person know if she has one? Using numerous case studies combined with easy-to-understand information, Sleep Disorders takes a comprehensive look at the causes and symptoms of sleep disorders, methods of diagnosis and treatment, specific drugs used in treatment, and alternative strategies for management. By examining the causes and cures of these sleep robbers, readers will discover that, contrary to popular belief, it is possible to get a good night's sleep in our bustling world.
Substance-related disorders are among the most prevalent of all mental disorders. They affect people in every part of society, and their consequences can be painful, traumatic, expensive, and even deadly. Furthermore, the negative consequences of substance-related disorders do not only affect the substance user; they touch the lives of the user's friends, family, coworkers, and other relations as well. From caffeine to alcohol, spray paint to cocaine, glue to nicotine, many different chemicals, both legal and illegal, can cause substance-related disorders. With so many substances available for use and misuse, how do you know which substances are addictive? Furthermore, why are they addictive, and what dangers do they pose? This book provides answers to many of these difficult questions. In addition to learning about addictive substances and substance abuse, you will learn about the treatments available for substance-related disorders and how some doctors are using medication to treat drug abuse. Take the first step toward understanding this all-too common category of mental disorders by reading Substance-Related Disorders.
Imagine taking a medication meant to heal you only to discover that the drug rotted your bones, made your teeth fall out, and filled you with a radioactive element called radium. Pittsburgh industrialist Eben Byers didn't have to imagine. It happened to him, and he died as a result. Mr. Byers fell victim to "patent medicines" sold in the early twentieth century. Patent medicine quackery and other medical tragedies prompted the United States government to form an agency that could protect patients and consumers from mislabeled or dangerous medicines, cosmetics, and foods. That agency is the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Most drugs and medical treatments sold in North America today, including drugs used to treat psychological disorders, are regulated by this consumer protection agency. Many people diagnosed with depression, panic attacks, schizophrenia, ADHD, and other psychological disorders lead normal lives because they are treated with psychiatric drugs approved by the FDA. But what are psychiatric drugs? Where do they come from? How do they work? What does it take for the FDA to approve them? Why do we have the FDA? Perhaps most important, does FDA approval guarantee safety? Loaded with case studies and user-friendly illustrations, this readable text answers these and other questions as it examines a brief history of mental disorders and their treatment. In its pages, you will learn about the origins of the FDA, the FDA drug approval process, the structure and chemistry of the brain, psychiatric drugs and how they work, adverse reactions, and alternative treatments. Come learn about the drug approval process. Next time you reach into your medicine cabinet, you'll be glad you did.
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