These books will be relevant in multiple areas of the curriculum, including civics, history, and world cultures. They will encourage critical thinking skills. They will explain not only how the major forms of government function but also their philosophical underpinnings. The books will illustrate how ideas about good governance
have evolved over the course of history.
Senior Consulting Editor Dr. Timothy J. Colton: Morris & Anna Feldberg Professor of Government, Harvard University
"...the information is presented with admirable clarity, and the conclusion on the future outlook for theocracy using the recent failed theocracy in Somalia as an example is intriguing."
"By combining a keen sense for political history with well-developed research Diane Baily has crafted a book that will help students of history better understand one form of governance that is all too common in our era."
For several decades during the 20th century, communism was one of the world's dominant forms of government. At one time, Communist regimes held power across much of Asia and all of Eastern Europe. In addition, Cuba and a handful of countries in Africa had Communist governments. Leading the Communist bloc was the Soviet Union, a superpower whose global influence rivaled that of the United States.
By the early 1990s, however, communism had collapsed in the Soviet Union and its satellite countries in Eastern Europe. Today only China, Vietnam, North Korea, and Cuba continue to be ruled by Communist regimes.
This book provides an introduction to communism. It explores the principles that underpin communism and examines the way Communist governments have exercised power in practice.
Today, the basic ideas underpinning democracy--that government exists for the benefit of the people, and that it must have their consent to be legitimate--may seem obvious. Even dictators pay lip service to these ideas.
But the logic of democracy hasn't always been widely accepted. In fact, throughout most of recorded history, nearly all rulers claimed absolute authority. This book traces the long evolution of government "by the people," from its roots in the ancient world to the present day.
Dictatorship is a form of government in which an individual or a small group wields power without legal or constitutional constraints. Dictators come in many varieties. Some are military officers who overthrow an elected government. Others are democratically elected politicians who, once in office, decide to discard democracy. Some dictators use power to transform society. Others expressly try to prevent social or political change. Still others don't appear to be motivated
by any ideology, whether liberal or conservative. Instead, they use power simply to enrich themselves or bolster their egos.
This book examines the diverse forms of dictatorship. It is filled with interesting and instructive case histories.
In the turbulent years after World War I, a new type of governing philosophy took shape in a handful of countries. It was known as fascism. Fascism denied that individuals had any rights the state was bound to respect. It demanded that citizens blindly obey their leader. It glorified violence. It promised to purify a degraded culture and restore the nation to greatness.
Full-fledged fascist governments came to power in Italy under Benito Mussolini and in Germany under Adolf Hitler and the Nazis. In addition, significant fascist movements existed in several other countries.
Fascism led to some of the darkest episodes in human history-- including the Holocaust--before being swept away by World War II.
This book details the rise and fall of a discredited form of government.
How did large, complex states develop from small clans and nomadic tribes? How have rulers throughout history justified their right to govern? What ideas and events shaped the development of modern forms of government? Milestones in the Evolution of Government answers these and other important questions. The book provides students with the perspective to understand the basis for various forms of government-- including their own.
Monarchy is a form of government in which a hereditary ruler serves as head of state, typically for life. Monarchies have existed since the dawn of human civilization. But while the kings and queens, emperors and empresses of the past wielded broad (and often absolute) power, many of today's monarchs perform ceremonial functions only.
This book examines the various forms that monarchy has taken. Students of government and history will find it a valuable and fascinating resource.
In an oligarchy, political power rests with a small privileged group. Oligarchs may exercise power directly or indirectly, but they often act out of selfish or corrupt motives.
This book examines the history of oligarchy, which was first described by the ancient Greeks more than 2,300 years ago. The book also asks whether today's superrich constitute a new oligarchy that threatens to undermine American democracy.
Historically, theocracy has been a fairly rare form of government. Still, theocracies have appeared all over the globe, and they have taken a variety of forms.
This book examines theocratic governments, from ancient Egypt to present-day Iran. It explores how different theocracies arose, how their leaders maintained authority, and what it was like for ordinary people living under religious rule. Theocracy will provide students with a wealth of fascinating and thought-provoking information.
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